Material safety data sheet

Q u a l i t y F i r s t
Manufacturer Name- Tadiran, US office address- 2001 Marcus Avenue, Suite 125E, Lake Success, NY 11040. US office address- 2001 Marcus Avenue, Suite 125E, Lake Success, NY 11040 Emergency Telephone No. – CHEMTREC: 1-800-424-9300 Tel. for information: 1-516-621-4980 Product Name: TL-5215/R Primary (non-rechargeable) Lithium metal Thionyl Chloride (Li/SOCl2) batteries, 7.2V series. SECTION 2- COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
F: R14/15
C: R34
R: 14/15, 34
S:(1/2), 8,43,45
R: 14,20/22,29,
S: (1/2),26,36/
37/39, 45
S: (1/2),7/8,28, 45
TLV- Threshold Limit Value is personal exposure limits determined by ACGIH (American Council of Governmental Industrial Hygienists) IMPORTANT NOTE: The above levels are not anticipated under normal use conditions. SECTION 3 - HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
The lithium Thionyl chloride batteries described in this MSDS are hermetically sealed units, which are not hazardous when used according to the recommendations of the manufacturer.
T-36-12, SOCl2, TL-5215_R, rev F woIS 1/7 Revised- 2012-12-22

Q u a l i t y F i r s t
Under normal condition of use of the batteries, the electrode materials and the liquid electrolyte they contained are non-reactive provided the battery integrity is maintained. Risk of exposure exists only in case of mechanical, electrical or thermal abuse. Thus the batteries should not short circuit, recharge, puncture, incinerate, crush, immerse in water, force discharge, or expose to temperatures above the temperature range of the cell or battery. In these cases there is risk of fire or explosion SECTION 4- FIRST AID MEASURES
In case of battery rupture, explosion, or major leakage, evacuate personnel from contaminated area and provide good ventilation to clear out corrosive fumes, gases or the pungent odor. Seek immediate medical attention. Eyes - First rinse with plenty of water for 15 minutes (remove contact lenses if easily
possible), and then seek medical attention.
Skin - Remove contaminated clothes and rinse skin with plenty of water or shower for
15 min. Refer to medical attention.
Inhalation - Remove to fresh air, rest, and half-upright position, use artificial
respiration if needed, and refer to medical attention.
Ingestion - rinse mouth, DO NOT induce vomiting, give plenty of water to drink, and
refer to medical attention.
1. Lith- X (Class D extinguishing media) is the only effective on fires involving a few
lithium batteries. If the cells are directly involved in a fire DO NOT USE: WATER,
2. If the fire is in adjacent area and the cells that are either packed in their original
containers or unpacked, the fire can be fought based on fueling material, e.g., paper
and plastic products. In these cases the use of copious amounts of cold water is
effective extinguishing media. Storage area may also employ sprinkler system with
cold water.
SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES: Wear self-contained breathing apparatus to avoid breathing of irritant fumes (NIOSH approved SCBA & full protective equipment). Wear protective clothing and equipment to prevent body contact with electrolyte solution. Fire may be fought, but only from safe fire-fighting distance. Evacuate all persons from immediate area of fire. UNUSUAL EXPLOSION AND FIRE EXPLOSION: Battery may explode when subject to: excessive heat (above 150ºC), recharged, over-discharged (discharge below 0V), punctured and crushed. During thermal decomposition generation of chlorine (Cl2), hydrogen chloride (HCl), and sulfur dioxide (SO2) can be formed.
T-36-12, SOCl2, TL-5215_R, rev F woIS 2/7 Revised- 2012-12-22

Q u a l i t y F i r s t
PROCEDURES TO CONTAIN AND CLEAN UP LEAKS OR SPILLS: The material contained within the battery would only be released under abusive conditions. In the event of battery rapture and leakage: contain the spill while wearing proper protective clothing and ventilate the area. Than, cover with sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) or 1:1 mixture of soda ash and slaked lime. Keep away from water, rain, and snow. Placed in approved container (after cooling if necessary) and disposed according to the local regulations. NEUTRALIZING AGENTS: Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) or 1:1 mixture of soda ash and slaked lime. WASTE DISPOSAL METHOD: Product decomposed by water and thus must be neutralized. If sufficiently diluted, it may be added to waste water. PRECAUTIONS IN HANDLING AND STORAGE: avoid short-circuiting, over-charging and heating to high temperatures. Store the batteries in dry and cool area and keep container dry and tightly closed in well-ventilated area. Store cells away from food and drink. OTHER PRECAUTIONS; Never attempt to disassemble, machine, or otherwise modify batteries or injury may result. SECTION 7- HANDLING AND STORAGE
The batteries should not be opened, destroyed or incinerate, since they may leak or rupture and release to the environment the ingredients that they normally contained in the hermetically sealed container. HANDLING- Do not short circuit terminals, or expose to temperatures above the
temperature rating of the battery, over charge the battery, forced over-discharge
(voltage below 0.0V), throw to fire.
Do not crush or puncture the battery, or immerse in liquids. STORAGE- is preferably done in cool (below 30ºC), dry and ventilated area, which
is subject to little temperature change.
Do not place the battery near heating equipment, nor expose to direct sunlight for long periods. Elevated temperatures can result in shortened battery life and degrade performance. Keep batteries in original packaging until use and do not jumble them. Do not store batteries in high humidity environment for long periods. OTHER- cells and batteries are not rechargeable batteries and should not be charged.
Applying pressure and deforming the battery may lead to disassembly followed by eye skin and throat irritation. Follow manufacturer recommendations regarding maximum recommended current and operating temperature range. SECTION 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS & PERSONAL PROTECTION
GENERAL- The following safety measures are not necessary in normal use. They need only be applied if there is a risk that, in use or handling, the recommendations, as outlined in Section 3, have not been followed.
T-36-12, SOCl2, TL-5215_R, rev F woIS 3/7 Revised- 2012-12-22

Q u a l i t y F i r s t
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION: In case of abuse or leak of liquid or fumes, use NIOSH approved Acid Gas Filter Mask or Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus. VENTILATION: In case of abuse, use adequate mechanical ventilation (local exhaust) for battery that vents gas or fumes. PROTECTIVE GLOVES: In case of spill use PVC or Nitrile gloves of 15 mils (0.015 inch) or thicker. EYE PROTECTION: Use ANSI approved chemical worker safety goggles or face shield. OTHER PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT: In case needed, chemical resistance clothing is recommended along with eye wash station and safety shower should be available meeting ANSI design criteria. WORK HYGIENIC PRACTICES: Use good hygiene practice. Wash hands after use and before drinking, eating or smoking. Launder contaminated cloth before reuse. SUPPLEMENTARY SAFETY AND HEALTH DATA: If the battery is broken or leaked the main hazard is the electrolyte. The electrolyte is mainly solution of Lithium chloride (LiCl), and aluminum chloride (AlCl3) in Thionyl chloride (SOCl2). Fires may be fought but only from safe fire fighting distance, evacuate all persons from immediate area of fire. Prevent heating of the battery, charging the battery, discharge to predetermined limit, do not crush, disassemble, incinerate or short circuit. SECTION 9- PHYSICAL DATA
NA, unless individual components exposed NA, unless individual components exposed NA, unless individual components exposed EVAPORATION RATE (butyl acetate=1) NA, unless individual components exposed PHYSICAL STATE NA, unless individual components exposed NA, unless individual components exposed If leaking, gives off pungent corrosive odor SECTION 10- STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Strong mineral acids, water and alkali solutions. 1. Reaction of lithium with water: Hydrogen (H2), Lithium 2. Thermal decomposition over 150ºC: Sulfur oxides, (SO2, SO3), Sulfur chlorides (SCl2, S2Cl2), Chlorine (Cl2), Lithium oxide, Li2O 3. Electrolyte with water: Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) and SO2
T-36-12, SOCl2, TL-5215_R, rev F woIS 4/7 Revised- 2012-12-22

Q u a l i t y F i r s t
HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION: May Occur____ Will Not Occur __X__ Avoid mechanical abuse and electrical abuse such as short-circuiting, overcharge, over-discharge, (voltage reversal) and heating. SECTION 11- TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
THRESHOLD LIMIT VALUE (TLV) AND SOURCE: NA HEALTH HAZARD ACUTE AND CHRONIC: Inhalation, skin contact, eye contact and ingestion are not likely by exposure to sealed battery. Inhalation, skin contact and eye contact are possible when the battery is opened. Exposure to internal contents, the corrosive fumes will be very irritating to skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Overexposure can cause symptoms of non-fibrotic lung injury and membrane irritation. Carcinogenicity- NTP: No Carcinogenicity- IARC: No Carcinogenicity- OSHA: No Explanation of Carcinogenicity- No ingredient of a concentration of 0.1% or greater is listed as a carcinogen or suspected carcinogen. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF OVEREXPOSURE: Exposure to leaking electrolyte from ruptured or leaking battery can cause: Inhalation- Can cause burns and irritation of the respiratory system, coughing,
wheezing and shortness of breath.
Eyes- Redness, tearing, burns. The electrolyte is corrosive to all ocular tissues.
Skin- The electrolyte is corrosive and causes skin irritation and burns.
Ingestion- The electrolyte solution causes tissue damage to throat and gastro/
respiratory track.
MEDICAL CONDITION AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE: Preexisting skin, asthma and respiratory diseases are generally aggravated by exposure to liquid electrolyte vapors or liquid. For further information refer to section 4. SECTION 12- ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
1. When properly used or disposed the battery does not present environmental hazard. 2. Cells do not contain mercury, cadmium, or lead. 3. Do not let internal components enter marine environment. Avoid release to waterways, wastewater or ground water. SECTION 13- DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
1. Dispose in accordance with the applicable regulations in country and state. 2. Disposal should be performed by permitted, professional disposal firms knowledgeable in Federal, State or Local requirements of hazardous waste treatment and hazardous waste transportation. 3. Incineration should never be performed by battery users, but eventually by trained professional in authorized facility with proper gas and fume treatment. 4. Battery recycling should be done in authorized facility.
T-36-12, SOCl2, TL-5215_R, rev F woIS 5/7 Revised- 2012-12-22

Q u a l i t y F i r s t
Shipping name: "Lithium metal cells and batteries", battery is considered as
Dangerous Goods, e.g., UN-3090, and UN-3091 when transported in or with
Shipping information- the cells and batteries have passed successfully the tests
defined in “UN Manual of Tests and Criteria”, Section 38.3 (the UN tests). Shipping
of cells alone or with/in equipment must be packed in accordance with the Packing
Instructions of the applicable code, e.g., IATA/ICAO (P968, P969 and P970), IMO
(SP188, SP230 and P903) and ADR (SP188, SP230 and P903).
Transportation within, to and from the US- are governed by the US DOT CFR 49,
Parts 171, 172, 173 and 175. They details the required packaging and labels and
transportation mode of cells transported separately or in equipment. The battery
cannot be shipped, within, to, and from the US by passenger aircraft. Air shipments
of cells can be done only by cargo aircraft.
Hazard Classification: assigned to the Miscellaneous Class 9 (restricted to transport)
Packing Group- II
Battery label- Identification and labeling should be in compliance with the applicable
regulations. In addition, it should also include cell/battery title, nominal voltage, lot
number and warning.
1. All the cells and batteries are defined as “articles” and thus are exempt from the requirements of the Hazard Communication Standard”. 2. The internal component (Thionyl chloride) is hazardous under the criteria of the Federal OHSA Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1920.1200. 3. NFPA rating- Lithium batteries are not included in the NFPA material list. Below is the NFPA rating for lithium metal. Lithium metal is an internal component, enclosed by hermetically sealed metallic can. Under normal application is not exposed. Flammability
The information and the recommendations set forth are made in good faith and believed to be accurate at the date of preparation. The present file refers to normal use of the product in question. Tadiran Batteries makes no warranty expressed or implied.
T-36-12, SOCl2, TL-5215_R, rev F woIS 6/7 Revised- 2012-12-22

Q u a l i t y F i r s t
Assembly of battery packs:
The design and assembly of battery packs require special skills, expertise and
experience. Therefore it is not recommended that the end user will attempt to self-
assemble battey packs. It is preferable that any battery using lithium cells will be
assembled by TADIRAN to ensure proper battery design and construction. A full
assembly service is available from TADIRAN who can be contact for further
information. If for any reason, this is not possible, TADIRAN can review the pack
design in confidential to ensure that the design is safe and capable of meeting the
stated performance requirements.

T-36-12, SOCl2, TL-5215_R, rev F woIS 7/7 Revised- 2012-12-22


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