Selected Bibliography for
“Connections, Trust, and Causation in Economic History”
This spring 2008 Faculty Weekend Seminar was directed by Craig Muldrew
Lecturer in the Faculty of History and a Fellow of Queens’ College, Cambridge University. His
publications include The Economy of Obligation: The Culture of Credit and Social Relations in
Early Modern England
(1998). He is currently completing a book on work and consumption of
the laboring poor in early modern England to be published by Cambridge University Press in
2008. from the Folger Institute brochure:
“An increasingly large fissure has opened up between the
“new economic history” which requires a technical understanding of econometrics, and the new
cultural history which is theoretically much closer to anthropology or to literary criticism than to
traditional economic history. As a result, the question of how material factors of production,
consumption, and exchange affect the nature of society and institutions has to some extent been
neglected. This seminar will provide a forum for interdisciplinary discussion of new ways of
looking at economic causation, primarily through the conceptual importance of trust and
connections. How were exchange relations created and maintained between historical actors as
well as institutions, both in the marketplace and within other social and cultural spaces? With
conversations organized around a core of advance readings and participants’ own research
projects, the seminar will address such topics as the difficulties of organizing the exchange of
value, whether it was payment for a barrel of beer or the obligation due to a neighbor or patron.
How was trust structured in the marketplace of money, credit, and trade companies? How did
people understand economic motivation? And how did “economic” motivation relate to the
formation of other “connections” such as patronage, family, office holding, membership in
guilds and societies, or friendship, all of which could provide material security or social
advantage? A range of projects and perspectives are sought, from studies of the consumption of
material household goods, including luxury goods; of credit and reputation in plays; of matters of
linguistic instability and the financial revolution of the late-seventeenth century; and of the
obligations of legal contracts.”
Allegra, Luciano. La città vertical: usurai, mercanti e tessitori nella Chieri del Cinquecento
Baker, David. On Demand: Writing for the Market in Early Modern England
. Stanford: Stanford
Bayly, C.A. “‘Archaic’ and ‘Modern’ Globalization, ca. 1750-1850.” In Globalization in World
, edited by A.G. Hopkins, 45-72. New York: Norton, 2002.
Bennett, J.M. Ale, Beer, and Brewsters in England: Women’s Work in a Changing World, 1300-
. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Bilello, Thomas. “Accomplished with What She Lacks: Law, Equity and Portion’s Con.” In The
Law in Shakespeare
, edited by Constance Jordan and Karen Cunningham. Houndsmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Brewer, Holly. By Birth or Consent: Children, Law, and the Anglo-American Revolution in
. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005.
Britnell, R.H. “Morals, Laws and Ale in Medieval England.” In Le Droit et sa Perception dans
la Littérature et les Mentalités Médiévales
, edited by U Müller, F. Hundsnurcher & C. Sommer, 21-9. Göppingen: Kümmerle Verlag, 1993.
Brodsky, Vivien. “Widows in Late Elizabethan London: Remarriage, Economic Opportunity and
Family Orientations.” In The World We Have Gained: Histories of Population and Social Structure
, edited by L. Bonfield, R. Smith, and K. Wrightson. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1986.
Brunner, Otto. Land and Lordship: Structures of Governance in Medieval Austria
, translated by
Howard Kaminsky and James Van Horn Melton. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1992. [Originally published in German in 1959.]
Cash, Margaret, ed. Devon Inventories of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
Devon and Cornwall Record Society, 1966.
Cioni, Maria. “The Elizabethan Chancery and Women’s Rights.” In Tudor Rule and Revolution:
Essays for G.R. Elton from his American Friends
, edited by Delloyd Guth and John McKenna. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Clark, Geoffrey. Betting on Lives: The Culture of Life Insurance in England 1695-1775
Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999.
Clarkson, L.A. The Pre-Industrial Economy in England, 1500-1700
. London: B.T. Batsford,
Dahl, G. Trade, Trust, and Networks: Commercial Culture in Late Medieval Italy
. Lund: Nordic
Davis, J. “‘Men as march with fote packes’: Pedlars and Freedom of Mobility in Late-Medieval
England.” In Freedom of Movement in the Middle Ages: Proceedings of the Twentieth Harlaxton Symposium
, edited by P. Holden. Harlaxton Medieval Studies, vol. 15. Donington: Shaun Tyas Publishing, 2007.
———. “Baking for the Common Good: A Reassessment of the Assize of Bread in Medieval
England.” Economic History Review
, 2nd series, 57, 3 (August 2004): 465-502.
Delille, Gérard. Famille et propriété dans le Royaume de Naples, XVe-XIXe siècle
. Rome: Ecole
De Vries, Jan. “Connecting Europe and Asia: A Quantitative Analysis of the Cape-route Trade, 1497-1795.”
Global Connections and Monetary History, 1470-1800
, edited by Dennis
Flynn, Arturo Giráldez and Richard von Glahn, 35-106. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.
Dolan, Neil. “Shylock in Love: Economic Metaphors in Shakespeare’s Sonnets.” Raritan
Earle, Peter. The Making of the English Middle Class, 1660-1730
. London: Methuen, 1989. Ekelund, Robert B., Robert Hebert, Robert D. Tollison. “An Economic Analysis of the Protestant
Reformation.” Journal of Political Economy
110.3 (2002): 646-71.
Ellickson, Robert, Carol Rose and Bruce Ackerman, eds. Perspectives on Property Law
Erickson, Amy. Women and Property in Early Modern England
. London: Routledge, 1993. Farber, L. An Anatomy of Trade in Medieval Writing: Value, Consent and Community
and London: Cornell University Press, 2006.
Finley, M.I. The Ancient Economy
. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973. ———. “Aristotle and Economic Analysis.” In Studies in Ancient Society
, edited by M.I. Finley,
26-53. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1974.
Fisher, Sandra. Econolingua: A Glossary of Coins and Economic Language in Renaissance
. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1985.
Fleay, Frederick. A Chronicle History of the London Stage, 1559-16423
. New York: G.E.
Flynn, Dennis and Arturo Giráldez. “Born with a ‘Silver Spoon’: The Origin of World Trade in
1571.” Journal of World History
6.2 (1995): 201-221.
Forman, Valerie. Tragicomic Redemptions: Global Economics and the Early Modern English
. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, forthcoming 2008.
———. “Transformations of Value and the Production of ‘Investment’ in the Early History of
the English East India Company.” The Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies
34.3 (2004): 611-41.
Froide, Amy. Never Married: Singlewomen in Early Modern England
. Oxford: Oxford
———. “Surplus Women with Surplus Money: Singlewomen as Creditors in Early Modern
Gaskill, Malcolm. Crime and Mentalities in Early Modern England
. Cambridge: Cambridge
Geary, Keith. “The Nature of Portia’s Victory: Turning to Men in The Merchant of Venice
37 (1984): 55-68.
Goldgar, Anne. Tulipmania: Money, Honor, and Knowledge in the Dutch Golden Age
Greif, Avner. Institutions and the Path to the Modern Economy: Lessons from Medieval Trade
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Grendi, Edoardo. “The Political System of a Community in Liguria: Cervo in the Late Sixteenth
and Early Seventeenth Centuries.” In Microhistory and the Lost Peoples of Europe
, edited by E. Muir and G. Ruggiero, translated by Eren Branch. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991. [Originally published in Italian in 1981.]
Guinnane, Timothy. “Trust: A Concept Too Many.” Economic Growth Center, Yale University
Center Discussion paper No.907, Feb. 2005.
Hardwick, Julie. “Seeking Separations: Gender, Marriages, and Household Economices in Early
Modern France.” French Historical Studies
21 (1998): 157-180.
Harris, Jonathan Gil. Sick Economies: Drama, Mercantilism, and Disease in Shakespeare’s
Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.
Harris, Jonathan Gil and Natasha Korda, eds. Staged Properties in Early Modern English
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Harris, J.W. Property and Justice.
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996. Hawkes, David. “Sodomy, Usury, and the Narrative of Shakespeare’s Sonnets.” Renaissance
Herman, Peter. “What’s the Use? Or, The Problematic Economy in Shakespeare’s Procreation
Sonnets.” In Shakespeare’s Sonnets: Critical Essays
, edited by James Schiffer, 263-84. New York: Garland, 1999.
Hill, Bridget. Women Alone: Spinsters in England, 1660-1850
. New Haven: Yale University
Hilton, R.H. “Medieval Market Towns and Simple Commodity Production.” Past & Present
———. The English Peasantry in the Later Middle Ages
. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975.
Hodge, Nancy Elizabeth. “Making Places at Belmont: ‘You Are Welcome Notwithstanding’.”
21 (1993): 155-74.
Holderness, B.A. “Credit in a Rural Community, 1660-1800: Some Neglected Aspects of
Probate Inventories.” Midland History
3 (1975): 100-101.
———. “Widows in Pre-Industrial Society: An Essay upon Their Economic Functions.” In
Land, Kinship and Life Cycle
, edited by R. Smith. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.
Howard, Jean. Theater of a City: The Places of London Comedy, 1598-1642
Hunt, Margaret. The Middling Sort: Commerce, Gender and the Family in England, 1680-1780
Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1996.
Ingram, Jill Phillips. Idioms of Self-Interest: Credit, Identity and Property in English
. New York: Routledge, 2006.
Jardine, Lisa. “Cultural Confusion and Shakespeare’s Learned Heroines: ‘These Are Old
Paradoxes’.” Shakespeare Quarterly
38: 1 (1987): 10-18.
———. Still Harping on Daughters: Women and Drama in the Age of Shakespeare
Jed, Stephanie. Chaste Thinking: The Rape of Lucretia and the Birth of Humanism
Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989.
Jones, Ann Rosalind and Peter Stallybrass. Renaissance Clothing and the Materials of Memory
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Jones, Norman. God and the Moneylenders: Usury and Law in Early Modern England
Jordan, William Chester. Women and Credit in Pre-Industrial and Developing Societies
Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993.
Kerridge, Eric. Usury, Interest, and the Reformation
. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002. Korda, Natasha. Shakespeare’s Domestic Economies: Gender and Property in Early Modern
. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002.
Kula, Witold. An Economic Theory of the Feudal System: Towards a Model of the Polish
. London: New Left Books, 1976.
Lacey, Kay. “Women and Work in Fourteenth and Fifteenth Century London.” In Women and
Work in Pre-Industrial England
, edited by Lindsey Charles and Lorna Duffin. London: Croom Helm, 1985.
Le Goff, Jacques. Your Money or Your Life: Economy and Religion in the Middle Ages
Lemire, Beverly, Ruth Pearson and Gail Campbell, editors. Women and Credit: Researching the
Past, Refiguring the Future
. Oxford: Berg, 2001.
Leventen, Carol. “Patrimony and Patriarchy in The Merchant of Venice
.” In The Matter of
Difference: Materialist Feminist Criticism of Shakespeare
, edited by Valerie Wayne. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.
Levin, Harry. “A Garden in Belmont: The Merchant of Venice
, 5.1.” In Shakespeare and
Dramatic Tradition: Essays in Honor of S.F. Johnson
, edited by W.R. Elton and William Long. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1989.
Lewalski, Barbara. “Biblical Allusion and Allegory in The Merchant of Venice
McIntosh, Marjorie Keniston. Working Women in English Society, 1300-1620
Michals, Teresa. “Commerce and Character in Maria Edgeworth.” Nineteenth-Century Literature
———. “‘That Sole and Despotic Dominion’: Slaves, Wives, and Game in Blackstone’s
Commentaries.” Eighteenth-Century Studies
27. 2 (Winter, 1993-1994): 195-216.
Mischo, John. “‘That Use is Not Forbidden Usury’: Shakespeare’s Procreation Sonnets and the
Problem of Usury.” In Subjects on the World’s Stage: Essays on British Literature of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance
, edited by David Allen and Robert White. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1995.
Muldrew, Craig. The Economy of Obligation: The Culture of Credit and Social Relations in
Early Modern England
. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1998.
———. “‘Hard Food for Midas’: Cash and its Social Value in Early Modern England.” Past and
Munzer, Stephen. A Theory of Property
. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990. ———, ed. New Essays in the Legal and Political Theory of Property
. Cambridge: Cambridge
Nedelsky, Jennifer. Private Property and the Limits of American Constitutionalism.
Newman, Karen. “Portia’s Ring: Unruly Women and Structures of Exchange in The Merchant of
.” Shakespeare Quarterly
38: 1 (1987): 19-33.
North, Douglass C., John Wallis, and Barry Weingast. A Conceptual Framework for
Understanding Recorded Human History
. Preliminary draft, 2005. (http://www.nber.org/ confer/2005/si2005/dae/wallis.pdf).
North, Douglass C., and Barry Weingast. “Constitutions and Commitment: The Evolution of
Institutions Governing Public Choice in Seventeenth-Century England.” Journal of Economic History
49.4 (1989): 803-32.
Oldrieve, Susan. “Marginalized Voices in The Merchant of Venice
.” Cardozo Studies in Law and
O’Rourke, Kevin and Jeffrey Williamson. “After Columbus: Explaining Europe’s Overseas
Trade Boom, 1500-1800.” Journal of Economic History
. 62.2 (2002): 417-456.
Parker, John. The Aesthetics of Antichrist: From Christian Drama to Christopher Marlowe
Parsons, Jotham. “Governing Sixteenth-Century France: The Monetary Reforms of 1577”.
French Historical Studies
26.1 (Winter 2003): 1-30.
———. “Money and Merit in French Renaissance Comedy.” Renaissance Quarterly
———. “Money and Sovereignty in Early Modern France.” Journal of the History of Ideas
Pettet, E.C. “The Merchant of Venice
and the Problem of Usury.” Essays and Studies
Polanyi, Karl. Trade and Market in the Early Empires: Economies in History and Theory
Prior, Mary. “Wives and Wills 1558-1700.” In English Rural Society, 1500-1800: Essays in
Honor of Joan Thirsk
, edited by John Cartres and David Hey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Rockoff, Hugh. “The Wizard of Oz as a Monetary Allegory.” Journal of Political Economy
Rose, Carol. Property and Persuasion: Essays on the History, Theory, and Rhetoric of
. Boulder: Westview Press, 1994.
Roston, Murray. Tradition and Subversion in Renaissance Literature: Studies in Shakespeare,
Spenser, Jonson and Donne
. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 2007.
Sabean, David Warren. Kinship in Necharhausen, 1700-1870
. Cambridge: Cambridge University
———. Property, Production, and Family in Necharhausen, 1700-1870
. Cambridge: Cambridge
Sargent, Thomas, and Francois Velde. The Big Problem of Small Change
. Princeton: Princeton
Sharp, Ronald. “Gift Exchange and the Economies of Spirit in The Merchant of Venice
Sherhsow, Scott. The Work and The Gift
. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. Singh, Jyotsna. “Gendered ‘Gifts’ in Shakespeare’s Belmont: The Economies of Exchange in
Early Modern England.” In A Feminist Companion to Shakespeare
, edited by Dympna Callaghan. Oxford: Blackwell, 2000.
Sisson, C.J. “Mr. and Mrs. Browne of the Boar’s Head.” Life and Letters To-Day
———. “The Red Bull Company and the Importunate Widow.” Shakespeare Survey
Sparks, Randy. The Two Princes of Calabar: An Eighteenth-Century Atlantic Odyssey
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004.
Spicksley, Judith. “‘Fly with a Duck in thy Mouth’: Single Women as Sources of Credit in
Seventeenth-Century England.” Social History
32.2 (2007): 187-207.
———. “To Be or Not to Be Married: Single Women, Money-Lending, and the Question of
Choice in Late Tudor and Stuart England.” In The Single Woman in Medieval and Early Modern England: Her Life and Representation
, edited by L. Amtower and D. Kehler. Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2003.
———. “Usury Legislation, Cash and Credit: The Development of the Female Investor in the
Late Tudor and Stuart Period.” The Economic History Review Online
Early Article (23 October 2007).
Spinosa, Charles. “Shylock and Debt and Contract in The Merchant of Venice
.” Cardozo Studies
in Law and Literature
5 (1993): 65-85.
Sofer, Andrew. The Stage Life of Props
. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003. Stretton, Tim. Women Waging Law in Elizabethan England
. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
Swain, John. Industry Before the Industrial Revolution: Northeast Lancashire c. 1500-1640
Szatek, Karoline. “The Merchant of Venice
and the Politics of Commerce.” In The Merchant of
Venice: New Critical Essays
, edited by John Mahon and Ellen Macleod Mahon, 325-352.
Tentler, Thomas. Sin and Confession on the Eve of the Reformation
. Princeton: Princeton
Thomas, Keith. “Numeracy in Early Modern England.” Transactions of the Royal Historical Socieity
. 5th series, 37 (1987): 103-32. Trivellato, Francesca. The Familiarity of Strangers: The Sephardic Diaspora, Livorno, and
Cross-Cultural Trade in the Early Modern Period
. New Haven: Yale University Press, forthcoming.
———. “Sephardic Merchants in the Early Modern Atlantic and Beyond: Toward a
Comparative Historical Approach to Business Cooperation.” In Atlantic Diasporas: Jews, Conversos, and Crypto-Jews in the Age of Mercantilism, 1500-1800
, edited by Richard L. Kagan and Philip D. Morgan. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, forthcoming.
Wright, Celeste Turner. “Some Conventions Regarding the Usurer in Elizabethan Literature.”
Studies in Philology
31 (1934): 176-77.
Medos, Fobias & Outros Bichos. "Um dos efeitos do medo é perturbar os sentidos e fazer com que as coisas não pareçam o que são." - disse Miguel de Cervantes em Dom Quixote, século XVII. O distúrbio do medo patológico pode se apresentar como Fobia Específica, quando o pavor tem um objetivo certo, como por exemplo, medo de animais, de escuridão, de água, altura, etc.
Arie e Ruoli del Seicento/Settecento Belinda, prima e seconda strega, seconda donna, marinaio e spirito Didone ed Enea (1689) H. Purcell Serpina La Serva Padrona (1733) G.B. Pergolesi Lisetta Quando si trovano, le basse femmine (da Il mondo della luna - 1750) B. Galuppi Lesbina Il Filosofo di campagna (1754) B. Galuppi Cecchina La cecchina, ossia la buona ﬁgliola (1760) N. P